JEE Main 2017 - Why your Class 12th marks matter for NIT admissions?
The JEE Main 2017 Eligibility for admissions to the NITs has changed from the year 2017. While on the surface the criteria specified seems to be pretty simple and clear, the reality begs to differ. The JEE Main 2017 had two major changes. The first one that brought a lot of rejoicing amongst students was the removal of the normalization that was used to arrive at the JEE Main scores. The second one that many students have not really looked into is the new eligibility clause for B.Tech admissions at the NITs, IIITs and GFTIs. This clause is crucial and must be taken note of by all the students as it has a direct bearing on their admission chances to the NITs, IIITs and the GFTIS.
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The new eligibility Clause for Admission to NITs, IIITs and CFTIs participating through Joint Seat Allocation Board reads:
Admission to NITs, IIITs and CFTIs participating though Central Seat Allocation Board will be based on All India Rank subject to the condition that the candidate should have secured at least 75% marks in the 12th class examination, or be in the top 20 percentile in the 12th class examination conducted by the respective Boards. For SC/ST candidates the qualifying marks would be 65% in the 12th class examination.
What’s new in the JEE Main Eligibility?
There will be no weightage given to Class 12 marks in the preparation of the JEE Main 2017 Ranks. The ranks will be directly based on what the student will score in the entrance exam
Candidates will have to score a minimum of 75% (for SC/ST it is 65%) in their class 12th or be in the top 20 percentile of their respective boards to be considered for admissions.
Seats at stake in the NITs, IIITs and GFTIs:
No of Seats
All India Seats at IIITs
Home State Quota seats
Other State Quota
Candidates may check the detailed JEE Main Eligibility Criteria to get a clear idea.
What is top 20 percentile cutoff?
The top 20 percentile is the marks scored by all the successful candidates in their respective boards in a particular year.
The Percentile of a Candidate will be calculated = 100 X Number of candidates in the ‘group’ with aggregate marks less than the candidate /Total number of the candidates in the ’group’.
CBSE generally announces the top 20 percentile for the respective boards including the state and central ones. Candidates who score above the top 20 percentile of their state or board will be eligible for admissions.
Some important points to note:
1. Seat allocation rules broadly are
NITs & CFTIS: 50% for home state quota and 50% for other state quota
IIITs: all the seats fall under the All India Quota.
2. What is Home and All India Quota?
Home Quota: The home quota will be as per the state of eligibility which means that students who have studied their class XII in a particular state will be considered for home quota under that state. They need not have been born in that state or belong to the state.
All India Quota: Any student can apply.
A Look at the Top 20 percentile criteria – Whose gain is it?
The top 20 percentile data released by CBSE every year makes an interesting study. A deeper look at it reveals that around 16 states fall under the less than 75% category. So what does this mean? It shows a clear advantage to the other states in terms of the seat allotment merely on the basis of the eligibility. While students from these weaker percentile carrying states may stand a chance under the home quota, they won’t stand much of a chance under the other state or All India Quota.
Southern states like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, and Kerala have a high top 20 percentile of more than 85 with AP and Telangana having a figure above 90. Figures from the admission data from most NITs, IITs, IIITs and CFTIs show a heavy presence of students from these states. This also clearly shows a disadvantage to states with lesser percentage as their students will not stand a chance under the all India or other state quota.
Some interesting examples from admissions 2016:
Careers360 applied for the Class XII marks that were considered for admissions and some details that were gathered in this context are:
Name of the institute
Class XII minimum cutoff for admissions
To understand the problem better, we take some of the data to match it with the CBSE announced Top 20 percentile scores in 2016.
Take a look at NIT Calicut:
Name of the insititute
NIT, Calicut - minimum Class XII marks that availed admission in 2016
Kerala Board of Public Examinations - top 20 percentile cutoff
The data shows that students with as low as 63.3 in their class XII could get admission at one of the better known NITs namely Calicut in spite of the state having a top 20 percentile cutoff of 85.4. This was in 2016 when the admission criteria allowed students with 45% in their class XII to be eligible. Consider this for 2017. There is no chance at all for students with class XII marks less than 75% to even dream of a seat, even for the institutional vacancies as there will definitely be a student from another state who has a better top 20 percentile or class 12 marks .
Another example that can be taken:
Name of the institute
NIT, Uttarakhand - minimum Class XII marks that availed admission in 2016
Uttaranchal Shiksha evam Pariksha Parishad - top 20 percentile cutoff
Now students from Uttarakhand can take admissions under the top 20 percentile clause for 50% of the seats only under the home state quota. The remaining 50% go to students from other states who may have scored 75% or more in their Class XII or their state’s top 20 percentile is higher than the home state.
So whose gain is it and whose pain?
Some states which send a lot of students for the JEE Main
Bihar Intermediate Education Council
Haryana Open School, Bhiwani
Uttaranchal Shiksha evam Pariksha Parishad
Maharastra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education
Chattisgarh Board of Secondary Education
Gujarat Secondary Education Board
The data shows that the students from these states have less than 75 % in their class XII. Should they opt for seats in the NITs, their best chances are in their own states as the home quota protects them. Else they lose to a student with a higher percentage or from a state with higher top 20 percentile.
In the list above what makes an interesting read are the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. These states were part of the JEE Main brigand till a year ago. In 2016, Maharashtra chose to move away and resume its state’s entrance exam and this year Gujarat has decided the same. If the figures above can be taken as inference, one can understand why.
What can be the possible outcome from the new eligibility clause?
1. As pointed out above, students from states with a high top 20 percentile will have increased chances at the admissions while students with lower class XII % will have to seek admissions under their home quota based on the top 20 percentile clause unless they score very well.
2. The chances of admissions to popular NITs like Warangal, Trichy just got harder and on par with the IITs albeit minus the JEE advanced.
3. The Board performance has been given importance albeit silently. Students will now have to ensure that they pay attention to their class XII syllabus and studies.
What should Students do?
The Class 12 marks are still important as they make up the basic eligibility criteria for the students to avail admissions. So students should go out and concentrate more on the their board exams to ensure they score a high pass percentage such that they don’t miss out on a good opportunity for which they have been working very hard the year through.
The board exams are just round the corner. There is still time for all the students to step up their efforts and preparation to ensure a high percentage of marks so that they stand a chance to study at the NITs, IITs or the well-known GFTIs.
Careers360 wishes all the students best of luck!